PHINEHAS RAN A SPEAR THROUGH THE MAN AND THE BELLY OF THE WOMAN, BRINING TO AN END THE PLAGUE SENT BY YHWH TO PUNISH THE ISRAELITES FOR SEXUALLY INTERMINGLING WITH THE MIDIANITES

Ethiopic Sanni 25, Hebrew Tammuz 19, July 2, 2018
Shalom Selamta, Tenayistiling Family,
Torah Portion Phinehas is history, activity and livity of actions by one of Aaron’s descendants, named Phinehas.
Aaron the priest’s son, Eleazar’s son, Phinehas turned YHWH’S wrath away from the children of Israel.

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Catholic Pope and EOTC Priest

YHWH spoke to Moshe’ that Phinehas’ zealous for YHWH’S sake, among the children of Israel, turned away what would have been YHWH’S jealousy and wrath against the children of Israel. Bamidbar/Numbers 25:11.

According to the Hebrew BiblePhinehas, PhineasHebrew פִּנְחָסModern was a priest during the Israelites’ Exodus journey.

Phinehas, was/is the grandson of Aaron and son of Eleazar, High Priests (Exodus 6:25).

He distinguished himself as a youth at Shittim with his zeal against the Heresy of Peor.

He was displeased with the immorality with which the Moabites and Midianites had successfully tempted the Israelites (Numbers 25:1–9) to inter-marry and to worship Baal-peor.

He personally executed an Israelite man, Ziti, Zimri (pertaining to an antelope) son of Prince Salu ( contempt) of a chief house of Simeonites…

and a Midianite woman, Cozbi, (false) daughter of Zur ( rock) while they were together in the man’s tent.

Phinehas ran a javelin or spear through the man and the belly of the woman, bringing to an end the plague sent by YHWH to punish the Israelites for sexually intermingling with the Midianites.

Phinehas is commended, by YHWH, with a covenant of Shalom for having stopped Israel’s fall to idolatrous practices brought in by Midianite women, as well as for stopping the desecration of YHWH’s sanctuary.

After the entry to the land of Israel and the death of his father, he was appointed the third High Priest of Israel, and served at the sanctuary of Bethel (Judges 20:28).

He is commemorated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church on September 2.

Name EtymologyThe Oxford Companion to the Bible and Brown-Driver-Briggs’ Hebrew and English Lexicon identify “Phinehas” as a variant of the Egyptian name

Pa-nehasi, Panehesy (Copticⲡⲁⲛⲉϩⲁⲥ).

Accordingly, Egyptians used to color variations, used the term for their southern neighbors-Neḥesi, ‘southerner’, which eventually also came to mean ‘the black’ or ‘the Nubian.

This Egyptian root (nḥsj, with the preformative pʾ as a definite article) appears in Exodus 6.25 as the personal name of Aaron’s grandson, Phinehas (= Pa-neḥas)”. Perhaps there is a link to “Negus Neghast”

The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament interprets the name to mean “the bronze-colored one”.

Heresy of PeorThe account of Phinehas actions appears immediately after the story of Balaam, who had been hired by the Moabite chieftain, Balak, to curse the Israelites.

Balaam failed to do so, as YHWH had put words in his mouth of blessing for Israel, instead of curses.

Having failed to curse Israel, Balaam left for his own country.

The Book of Numbers asserts a direct connection between Balaam and the events at Peor.

The Moabites “caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against YHWH, the LORD in the matter of Peor”.

Moshe gave orders to kill all the idolaters, yet Zimri, the son of the Israelite prince Salu from the Tribe of Simeon, openly defied Moses and publicly showed his rebellious opinion to those standing at the Tabernacle entrance with Moshe.

Zimri went in to Cozbi, the daughter of the Midianite prince Sur.

In a moment of great strength born of holy zeal, Phinehas went after them and ran them through with a spear. He thus “stayed the plague” that had broken out among the people, and by which twenty-four thousand of them had already perished.

YHWH saw that Phinehas showed loyalty and bravery for YHWH.

YHWH decided not to destroy all of the children of Israel in anger because Phinehas had made atonement for the sins of the children of Israel.

YHWH declared that Phinehas, and his sons’ sons for all eternity, would receive divine recognition for this; a covenant of SHALOM and the covenant of an everlasting hereditary priesthood.

The book of Revelation mirrors this sentiment.

Revelation describes Yahoshua as speaking to one of seven Messianic churches:

“Nevertheless, I have a few things against you: You have people there who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to entice the Israelites to sin by eating food sacrificed to idols and by committing sexual immorality.”

Giving a different version of events, the 1st-century Romano-Jewish historian Flavius Josephus expounded that Balaam sent for Balak and the princes of Midian and told them that, if they wished to bring evil upon Israel, they would have to make the Israelites sin.

Balaam advised that they send the most beautiful women to seduce the Israelites to idolatry.

That strategy succeeded, and soon many of the Israelites had been seduced.

Later activitiesPhinehas later led a 12,000-strong Israelite army against the Midianites to avenge the occasion.

Among those slain in the expedition were five Midianite kings, Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, Reba, and also Balaam, son of Beor.

According to the Israelite roll-calls, the Israelites did not lose a man in the expedition. Halleluyah! Halelujah!

Phinehas son of Eleazar appears again in the book of Joshua.

When the tribes of Reuben and Gad, together with the half-tribe of Manasseh, depart to take possession of their lands beyond the Jordan, they build a great altar on the other side.

The remainder of the Israelites mistake this for a separatist move to set up a new religious centre, and send Phinehas to investigate.

According to Joshua 24:33, Phinehas owned land in the mountains of Ephraim, where he buried his father.

Phinehas appears as the chief adviser in the war with the Benjamites. He is commemorated in Psalm 106:28–31.

According to 1 Chronicles 6:4–8, is his relation to Zadok : Phinehas begat Abishua, Abishua begat Bukki, Bukki begat Uzzi, Uzzi begat Zerahiah, Zerahiah begat Meraioth, Meraioth begat Amariah, Amariah begat Ahitub, and Ahitub begat Zadok., the Prophet Seer, 2 Samuel 15:27, 2 1 Samuel 9:9

According to I Maccabees, he is an ancestor of Matitiyahu.

In Messianic Ethiopian Hebrew Israelite Rastafari CulturePinchas is the name of the 41st weekly parshat or Torah portion in the annual Judaic  cycle of Torah portion readings and the eighth in the book of Numbers. The beginning of this Parashat tells the judgement of Phinehas son of Eleazar; the end of the previous parshat tells of his zealous act.

There is a Babylonian Hebrew expression “One who acts like Zimry and asks for a reward as if he were Phinehas” (עושה מעשה זמרי ומבקש שכר כפנחס ) refers to hypocrites who ask for undeserved rewards and honours.

Babylonian’s have a  Talmud (Sotah, Ch.22, p. 2), where that saying is attributed to the Hasmonean King Alexander Jannaeus.

Phinehas is considered to be the same person as Elijah in certain traditions.

References

  1. Baruchi Unna A. (2015), ‘The Story of the Zeal of Phinehas and Congregational Weeping at Bethel’, Vetus Testamentum 65, pp. 505–15
  2. Metzger, Bruce M.; Coogan, Michael D. (1993). Oxford Companion to the Bible. p. 11.
  3. Archer, Gleason; Harris, R. Laird; Waltke, Bruce (2003). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. Chicago.
  4. Numbers 31:16
  5. Numbers 25
  6. Numbers 25:12–13
  7. cf. Rev 2:14
  8. Flavius Josephus’s Antiquities of the Jews, Book IV, Chapter VI, Paragraphs 6–12
  9. Numbers 31
  10. Joshua 22:9–
  11. Richard Bauckham (1 November 2007). The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple: Narrative, History, and Theology in the Gospel of John. Baker Publishing Group. pp. 210–11. ISBN 978-1-4412-0079-2.
Like father, like son? Father not like son, son not like father?
Ichabod (Hebrew: אִיכָבוֹד‎, ikhavod – no glory, inglorious or where is the glory?) is mentioned in the first Book of Samuel as the son of Phinehas, was a malicious priest at the biblical shrine of Shiloh.
Eleazar’s (pronounced ; Hebrew: אֶלְעָזָר‬, Modern ‘Elʻazar, “El has helped”. Elazar was a priest in the Hebrew Bible (Torah or Old Testament). Eleazar was the second Kohen Gadol (High Priest), succeeding his father Aaron after Aaron’s death. Phinehas is Eleazar’s son.
YHWH made known YHWH’S jealousy in the Commandments, under the Mosiac Covenant given to Israel. The three divisions of the Mosaic Covenant express:
1.YHWH’S righteous will Shemot/Exodus 20:1-26
2. Judgments of Israel’s social life Shemot/Exodus 21:1-24
3. Ordinance/Order governing the spiritual life of Israel Shemot/Exodus 24:12-31.
Shemot/Exodus 20:5
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I YHWH, the LORD thy Power am a jealous Power, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me.
The three elements of The Mosaic Covenant form the Law. Matthew 5:17-18.
The Commandments and the Ordinances formed a spiritual system.
A ministry of “condemnation” and “death” 2 Corinthians 3:7-9.
The high priest, serve as a representative of the people with and to YHWH Jehovah.
In the many “sacrifices” the priest were/are servants of a “cover”, atonement for the sins of the people. Wayikrah/Leviticus 16:6
In, thru redemption, and under Yahoshua Ben YHWH,
righteousness of YHWH without the law, INI are justified by faith, ( אמונה, emunah), passing over sins done before times, since Adam.
Works of the law justify no flesh of Messianic Ethiopian Hebrew Israelite Rastafari.
INI are under the New Covenant of GRACE.  Romans 3:21-27, 6: 14-15, Galatians 2:16, Hebrews 9:15; 10:11-18.
Phinehas acts showed and show duality oracle of a prophet and a serpent.
Bamidbar/Numbers 21:4-8

The Bronze Serpent

4And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way. 5And the people spake against YHWH, and against Moshe Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.

6And YHWH ALMIGHTY, the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. 7Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against YHWH, the LORD, and against thee; pray unto YHWH, the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people.8And YHWH, the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live.

BECAUSE OF PHINEHAS ZEAL, TO KEEP .SACREDNESS AND TO KILL COZBI AND THE MEDIANITE WOMAN, YHWH gave, gives PHINEHAS YHWH’S Covenant of Shalom.  For His zeal to turn away YHWH’S wrath from and make an atonement for the children of Israel, PHINEHAS IS GIVEN YHWH’S COVENANT OF SHALOM AND ETERNAL PRIESTHOOD..
Psa 32:1 – [[A Psalm of David, Maschil.]] Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose.  sin is covered.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:2 – Blessed is the man to whom YHWH ALMIGHTY, the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:3 – When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:4 – For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:5 – I acknowledged my sin to thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions to YHWH, the LORD; and thou forgave the iniquity of my sin. Selah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:6 – For this shall every one that is kadosh pray to thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters ones shall not come nigh to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:7 – Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:8 – I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:9 – Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:10 – Many sorrows shall be to the wicked: but he that trusteth in YHWH, the LORD, mercy shall compass him about.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:11 – Be glad in YHWH, the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart.
Psalms 69
Psalms 70
Shalom,
Ihit Ahkotee Mary Rose