Catholic Pope and EOTC Priest
and a Midianite woman, Cozbi, (false) daughter of Zur ( rock) while they were together in the man’s tent.
Phinehas ran a javelin or spear through the man and the belly of the woman, bringing to an end the plague sent by YHWH to punish the Israelites for sexually intermingling with the Midianites.
Phinehas is commended, by YHWH, with a covenant of Shalom for having stopped Israel’s fall to idolatrous practices brought in by Midianite women, as well as for stopping the desecration of YHWH’s sanctuary.
Accordingly, Egyptians used to color variations, used the term for their southern neighbors-Neḥesi, ‘southerner’, which eventually also came to mean ‘the black’ or ‘the Nubian.
This Egyptian root (nḥsj, with the preformative pʾ as a definite article) appears in Exodus 6.25 as the personal name of Aaron’s grandson, Phinehas (= Pa-neḥas)”. Perhaps there is a link to “Negus Neghast”
The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament interprets the name to mean “the bronze-colored one”.
Balaam failed to do so, as YHWH had put words in his mouth of blessing for Israel, instead of curses.
Having failed to curse Israel, Balaam left for his own country.
The Book of Numbers asserts a direct connection between Balaam and the events at Peor.
The Moabites “caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against YHWH, the LORD in the matter of Peor”.
Moshe gave orders to kill all the idolaters, yet Zimri, the son of the Israelite prince Salu from the Tribe of Simeon, openly defied Moses and publicly showed his rebellious opinion to those standing at the Tabernacle entrance with Moshe.
In a moment of great strength born of holy zeal, Phinehas went after them and ran them through with a spear. He thus “stayed the plague” that had broken out among the people, and by which twenty-four thousand of them had already perished.
YHWH saw that Phinehas showed loyalty and bravery for YHWH.
YHWH decided not to destroy all of the children of Israel in anger because Phinehas had made atonement for the sins of the children of Israel.
YHWH declared that Phinehas, and his sons’ sons for all eternity, would receive divine recognition for this; a covenant of SHALOM and the covenant of an everlasting hereditary priesthood.
The book of Revelation mirrors this sentiment.
Revelation describes Yahoshua as speaking to one of seven Messianic churches:
“Nevertheless, I have a few things against you: You have people there who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to entice the Israelites to sin by eating food sacrificed to idols and by committing sexual immorality.”
Giving a different version of events, the 1st-century Romano-Jewish historian Flavius Josephus expounded that Balaam sent for Balak and the princes of Midian and told them that, if they wished to bring evil upon Israel, they would have to make the Israelites sin.
Balaam advised that they send the most beautiful women to seduce the Israelites to idolatry.
That strategy succeeded, and soon many of the Israelites had been seduced.
Later activitiesPhinehas later led a 12,000-strong Israelite army against the Midianites to avenge the occasion.
Among those slain in the expedition were five Midianite kings, Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, Reba, and also Balaam, son of Beor.
According to the Israelite roll-calls, the Israelites did not lose a man in the expedition. Halleluyah! Halelujah!
Phinehas son of Eleazar appears again in the book of Joshua.
The remainder of the Israelites mistake this for a separatist move to set up a new religious centre, and send Phinehas to investigate.
According to Joshua 24:33, Phinehas owned land in the mountains of Ephraim, where he buried his father.
According to 1 Chronicles 6:4–8, is his relation to Zadok : Phinehas begat Abishua, Abishua begat Bukki, Bukki begat Uzzi, Uzzi begat Zerahiah, Zerahiah begat Meraioth, Meraioth begat Amariah, Amariah begat Ahitub, and Ahitub begat Zadok., the Prophet Seer, 2 Samuel 15:27, 2 1 Samuel 9:9
According to I Maccabees, he is an ancestor of Matitiyahu.
In Messianic Ethiopian Hebrew Israelite Rastafari CulturePinchas is the name of the 41st weekly parshat or Torah portion in the annual Judaic cycle of Torah portion readings and the eighth in the book of Numbers. The beginning of this Parashat tells the judgement of Phinehas son of Eleazar; the end of the previous parshat tells of his zealous act.
There is a Babylonian Hebrew expression “One who acts like Zimry and asks for a reward as if he were Phinehas” (עושה מעשה זמרי ומבקש שכר כפנחס ) refers to hypocrites who ask for undeserved rewards and honours.
Phinehas is considered to be the same person as Elijah in certain traditions.
- Baruchi Unna A. (2015), ‘The Story of the Zeal of Phinehas and Congregational Weeping at Bethel’, Vetus Testamentum 65, pp. 505–15
- Metzger, Bruce M.; Coogan, Michael D. (1993). Oxford Companion to the Bible. p. 11.
- Archer, Gleason; Harris, R. Laird; Waltke, Bruce (2003). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. Chicago.
- Numbers 31:16
- Numbers 25
- Numbers 25:12–13
- cf. Rev 2:14
- Flavius Josephus’s Antiquities of the Jews, Book IV, Chapter VI, Paragraphs 6–12
- Numbers 31
- Joshua 22:9–
- Richard Bauckham (1 November 2007). The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple: Narrative, History, and Theology in the Gospel of John. Baker Publishing Group. pp. 210–11. ISBN 978-1-4412-0079-2.
The Bronze Serpent
4And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way. 5And the people spake against YHWH, and against Moshe Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.
6And YHWH ALMIGHTY, the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. 7Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against YHWH, the LORD, and against thee; pray unto YHWH, the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people.8And YHWH, the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live.